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Аутори/Authors: Александар М. Игњатовић, Бојан Д. Милорадовић

 

УДК 371.3::796

 

Интердисциплинарни приступ у настави физичког васпитања у основној школи

Ап­стракт: У са­вре­ме­ном на­чи­ну жи­во­та у ко­ме пре­о­вла­да­ва тех­но­ло­ги­ја ко­ја је ди­ги­та­ли­зо­ва­ла и „олак­ша­ла” ве­ћи­ну сва­ко­днев­них ак­тив­но­сти де­це и од­ра­слих, али им и пре­о­ку­пи­ра­ла па­жњу, ја­вља се по­тре­ба за ин­тер­ди­сци­пли­нар­ним при­сту­пом фи­зич­ког вас­пи­та­ња у свим школ­ским про­гра­ми­ма јер смо све­до­ци по­ве­ћа­ња хро­нич­них бо­ле­сти, по­пут го­ја­зно­сти код де­це, узро­ко­ва­них њи­хо­вом сма­ње­ном фи­зич­ком ак­тив­но­шћу. Ин­тер­ди­сци­пли­на­р­на на­ста­ва фи­зич­ког вас­пи­та­ња ну­ди се као јед­но од ре­ше­ња овог про­бле­ма. Њо­ме се мо­же по­ве­ћа­ти днев­на фи­зич­ка ак­тив­ност уче­ни­ка то­ком бо­рав­ка у шко­ли, али и у ван­на­став­ним ак­тив­но­сти­ма. Ин­те­гра­ци­јом са­др­жа­ја на­став­ног про­гра­ма фи­зич­ког вас­пи­та­ња у оста­ле на­став­не са­др­жа­је, мо­же се по­ве­ћа­ти ак­тив­но вре­ме ве­жба­ња, али и до­ћи до по­бољ­ша­ња ака­дем­ских по­стиг­ну­ћа уче­ни­ка. Ме­то­до­ло­ги­јом ра­да, то­ком пре­тра­ге ли­те­ра­ту­ре у шест елек­трон­ских ба­за,  на осно­ву еле­ме­на­та ин­тер­ди­си­пли­нар­но­сти на­ста­ве, фи­зич­ког вас­пи­та­ња и го­ја­зно­сти код де­це школ­ског уз­ра­ста, из­вр­ше­на је се­лек­ци­ја ра­до­ва ре­ле­вант­них за те­му овог ра­да. У пре­глед­ном ра­ду пред­ста­вљен је по­ло­жај фи­зич­ког вас­пи­та­ња у шко­ла­ма, ње­гов зна­чај у жи­во­ту и обра­зо­ва­њу мла­дих, као и при­ме­ри и мо­гућ­но­сти пре­ва­зи­ла­же­ња ак­ту­ел­них про­бле­ма сма­ње­не фи­зич­ке ак­тив­но­сти код де­це.

Кључ­не ре­чи: ин­тер­ди­сци­пли­нар­ни при­ступ, фи­зич­ко вас­пи­та­ње, го­ја­зност код де­це, ада­кем­ска по­стиг­ну­ћа.

 

Physical Education in Cross-Disciplinary Approach in Elementary School

 

Summary: In modern way of life in which technology digitizes and “relieves” most of the everyday activities of children and adults, but also fully occupies their attention, there is a need for an interdisciplinary approach to physical education in all school curricula. This is because we are witnessing an increase in chronic diseases, such as obesity in children caused by their reduced physical activity. Interdisciplinary teaching of physical еducation is offered as one of the solutions to this problem. It can increase the daily physical activity of pupils during their stay in school, but also in extracurricular activities. By integrating the content of the physical education curriculum into other teaching contents, the active time of training can be increased, and the academic achievements of the students can also be improved. This paper presents the position of physical education in schools, its importance in life and education of young people, as well as examples and possibilities of overcoming current problems of reduced physical activity in children.

 

Key words: interdisciplinary approach, physical education, obesity in children, academic achievements.

 

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