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Аутор/Author: Slobodan Lj. Pavlović

 

УДК 371.3::796

 

 

PREDIKCIJA INDEKSA TELESNE MASE (ITM) I FIZIČKE AKTIVNOSTI RODITELJA NA FIZIČKU AKTIVNOST UČENIKA NA ČASU FIZIČKOG VASPITANJA

Apstrakt: Imajući u vidu da je fizička aktivnost učenika na časovima fizičkog vaspitanja značajan pokazatelj kvaliteta nastave, sprovedeno je istraživanje sa ciljem da se utvrdi u kojoj meri indeks telesne mase (ITM) i fizička aktivnost roditelja doprinose predikciji obima i inteziteta fizičke aktivnosti učenika na času fizičkog vaspitanja. Istraživanjem je bilo obuhvaćeno ukupno 259 učenika trećeg i četvrtog razreda (uzrasta 10 ± 1,1 godina) osnovne škole (137 dečaka i 122 devojčica). Fizička aktivnost je merena po obimu pedometrom Coach Gear i po intezitetu pulsmetrom Suunto Memory Belt. Za procenu fizičke aktivnosti roditelja primenjen je Međunarodni upitnik o fizičkoj aktivnosti (IPAQ –International Physical Activity Questionnaires), dok su podaci o indeksu telesne mase (ITM) dobijeni standardnom procedurom, a na osnovi podataka o telesnoj masi i telesnoj visini roditelja. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da je predikcija fizičke aktivnosti roditelja statistički značajna (p < 0.01), kod dečaka i devojčica na obe kriterijske varijable (obim i intezitet fizičke aktivnosti), dok je predikcija indeksa telesna mase (ITM) izostala kod oba pola. Na nivou pojedinačnih varijabli fizička aktivnost oca ima najveću prediktivnu moć. Važno je da roditelji podrže fizičku aktivnost svoje dece, da budu rol-modeli, da učestvuju zajedno sa decom u fizičkoj aktivnosti, da podstiču aktivnu igru i bavljenje sportom. Sve aktivnosti koje škola i/ili nastavnici preduzimaju radi poboljšanja fizičke aktivnosti učenika u školi, treba planirati tako da intervencija uključuje i roditelje.

 

Ključne reči: indeks telesne mase, fizička aktivnost roditelja, fizička aktivnost učenika na času, fizičko vaspitanje.

 

ПРОГНОЗ ИНДЕКСА МАССЫ ТЕЛА (ITM) И ФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ РОДИТЕЛЕЙ НА ФИЗИЧЕСКУЮ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ УЧЕНИКОВ НА УРОКЕ ФИЗКУЛЬТУРЫ

 

Аннотация: Учитывая то, что физическая активность учеников на уроках физкультуры является важным показателем качества обучения, было проведено исследование для определения степени, в которой индекс массы тела (IТМ) и физическая активность родителей способствуют прогнозированию объема и интенсивности физической активности учеников на уроке физкультуры. В исследовании приняло участие 259 учеников третьего и четвертого классов начальной школы (возраст 10 ± 1,1 года) (137 мальчиков и 122 девочки). Физическая активность измерялась с помощью шагомера Coach Gear и интенсивности пульсометра Suunto Memory Belt. Для оценки физической активности родителей были применены Международные вопросники физической активности (IPAQ – International Phusical Activity Qestionnaires), а данные oб индексе массы тела (IТM) были получены с помощью стандартной процедуры, основанной на данных о массе тела и росте родителей. Полученные результаты свидетельствуют о том, что прогноз физической активности родителей является статистически значимым (р < 0,01) у мальчиков и девочек по обоим критериям переменных (объем и интенсивность физической активности), пока прогноз индекса массы тела (ITM) отсутствовал у обоих полов. На уровне отдельных переменных физическая активность отца обладает наибольшей прогностической силой. Важно, чтобы родители поддерживали физическую активность своих детей, были образцами для подражания, участвовали с детьми в физической активности, стимулировали активные игры и занимались спортом. Все действия, которые школа и/или учителя предпринимают для улучшения физической активности учеников в школе, должны планироваться таким образом, чтобы во всех действиях включать родителей.

 

Ключевые слова: индекс массы тела, физическая активность родителей, физическая активность учеников на уроках, физическое воспитание.

 

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