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Аутори/Authors: Slađana R. Luković, Lidija Đ. Zlatić

УДК 159.922.73.016


AFEKTIVNA VEZANOST U KONTEKSTU KOGNITIVNOG RAZVOJA –PEDAGOŠKE IMPLIKACIJE

Ap­strakt: U psi­ho­lo­gi­ji se afek­tiv­ni i kog­ni­tiv­ni raz­voj če­sto po­sma­tra­ju i pro­u­ča­va­ju kao po­seb­ni i odvo­je­ni pro­ce­si. Me­đu­tim, pro­u­ča­va se i ide­ja da su afek­tiv­ni i kog­ni­tiv­ni raz­voj po­ve­za­ni, od­no­sno da je afek­tiv­ni od­nos maj­ke i de­te­ta u ra­nom raz­voj­nom pe­ri­o­du, ko­ji se mo­že raz­vi­ja­ti kao si­gur­ni ili ne­si­gur­ni, u od­re­đe­noj me­ri po­ve­za­n i sa raz­vo­jem kog­ni­ci­je. Pro­u­ča­van je uspeh de­ce u raz­li­či­tim kog­ni­tiv­nim za­da­ci­ma u od­no­su na obra­sce afek­tiv­ne ve­za­no­sti, kao i ce­lo­kup­no nji­ho­vo po­na­ša­nje to­kom te­stov­ne si­tu­a­ci­je. Is­tra­ži­va­či su se ba­vi­li i pi­ta­njem po­sre­du­ju­ćih me­ha­ni­za­ma ili me­di­ja­to­ra iz­me­đu afek­tiv­nog i kog­ni­tiv­nog raz­vo­ja. U tek­stu će naj­pre bi­ti re­či o te­o­ri­ji afek­tiv­ne ve­za­no­sti, a za­tim će bi­ti pri­ka­za­ni osnov­ni is­tra­ži­vač­ki na­la­zi iz ove obla­sti, kao i mo­gu­ći po­sre­du­ju­ći me­ha­ni­zmi ili me­di­ja­to­ri od­no­sa afek­tiv­ne ve­za­no­sti i kog­ni­tiv­nog raz­vo­ja. Dat je osvrt na pe­da­goš­ke im­pli­ka­ci­je iz­ve­de­ne iz te­o­ri­je afek­tiv­ne ve­za­no­sti kroz pri­kaz raz­vi­je­nih pro­gra­ma ko­ji se pri­me­nju­ju u predškol­skim usta­no­va­ma. Tekst ima za cilj i da uka­že na zna­čaj­ne im­pli­ka­ci­je od­no­sa kog­ni­tiv­nog i afek­tiv­nog raz­vo­ja za pe­da­goš­ku prak­su.

Ključ­ne re­či: afek­tiv­na ve­za­nost, kog­ni­tiv­ni raz­voj, pe­da­goš­ke im­pli­ka­ci­je.


AFFECTIVE ATTACHMENT IN THE CONTEST OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT – PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS

Summary: In psychology, affective and cognitive development are often observed and   studied as different and separate processes. However, in the last decades, a different idea has been studied in psychology: the idea that the affective and cognitive development are related, that is, the affective relationship between mother and child in the early developmental period, which can be developed as safe or unsafe, is to a certain extent related to the development of cognition. The success of children in various cognitive tasks in relation to patterns of affective attachment, as well as their overall behavior  during the test situation had been studied. The researchers also dealt with the question ofmediating mechanisms or mediators between affective and cognitive development. The text will first discuss the theory of affective attachment, and then the basic research findings from this field will be presented, as well as the possible mediating mechanisms or mediators in the relationship of affective attachment and cognitive development.

Key words: affective attachment, cognitive development, pedagogical implications.


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